Situated in Southern Europe, Greece is located at the intersecting point between Europe, Western Asia and Africa. Also known as the Hellenic Republic, Greece has been known as Hellas since ancient times and, as the Greece map below shows, is bordered by the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean Seas.
With a total land area of 130,800 sqkm Greece is home to the world’s 11th longest coastline and the longest in the Mediterranean Basin at 13,676km in length. Greece is bordered by Albania in the northwest, Bulgaria and Macedonia in the north and Turkey in the northeast. Home to a huge range of islands, Greece features approximately 1,400 islands however only 227 are inhabited.
As the Greece map below shows, the country is divided into nine regions including Macedonia, Central Greece, Thessaly, the Peloponnese, Epirus, Crete, Thrace, the Ionian Islands and the Aegean Islands including the Dodecanese and Cyclades groups. Athens is both the largest city in Greece and also the national capital. Approximately 80 per cent of Greece is made up of mountains, the highest of which is Mount Olympus at 2,917m.
With most of Greece comprised of mountainous terrain, these ranges extend towards the sea in the form of peninsulas and chains of islands.